Za ile dni choroby zapłaci nam szef?

Nie zawsze za chorobę wypłaci nam pieniądze pracodawca.
Kto zapłaci za chorobę pracownika?
Okres bezpiecznego przebywania na zwolnieniu lekarskim ma swoje granice. Ich przekroczenie uprawnia do rozwiązania umowy bez wypowiedzenia bez winy pracownika.

fot. Moketni/sxc.hu

W przypadku osób do 50 roku życia pracodawca wypłaca wynagrodzenie chorobowe do 33 dni w ciągu roku kalendarzowego. Z kolei za pracowników, którzy ukończyli 50 rok życia finansuje świadczenia chorobowe jedynie przez 14 dni kalendarzowych w roku. Świadczenia za dłuższy okres choroby finansowane są przez ZUS. 

Wyjątek - wypadek przy pracy

Są sytuacje, w których szef nie jest zobowiązany do wypłaty świadczenia za czas choroby. Będzie tak w przypadku niezdolności do pracy spowodowanej wypadkiem przy pracy lub chorobą zawodową. W sytuacji takiego zwolnienia pracodawca nie wypłaca pracownikowi wynagrodzenia chorobowego niezależnie od liczby dni, które już w danym roku wykorzystała zatrudniona osoba. Wypłatę świadczeń za czas choroby spowodowany wypadkiem przy pracy przejmuje od razu ZUS. 

Przeczytaj także: Chorzy stracą podwójnie - nie będzie wypłaty za pierwszy dzień na L4? 

Ile można chorować?

Pracodawca nie może wypowiedzieć umowy w czasie urlopu, a także innej usprawiedliwionej nieobecności w pracy, jeżeli nie upłynął jeszcze okres uprawniający do rozwiązania umowy bez wypowiedzenia.

Choroba jest okolicznością usprawiedliwiającą nieobecność w pracy i choremu pracownikowi nie można wręczyć wypowiedzenia. Jednak zasada ta ma pewne ograniczenia. Okres bezpiecznego przebywania na zwolnieniu lekarskim ma swoje granice. Ich przekroczenie uprawnia do rozwiązania umowy bez wypowiedzenia bez winy pracownika. 

Można powiedzieć, że okres ochrony zależy od jego zakładowego stażu pracy. Jeżeli pracownik był zatrudniony w firmie krócej niż sześć miesięcy, można rozwiązać umowę, jeżeli niezdolność do pracy wskutek choroby trwa dłużej niż trzy miesiące. 

Gdy był zatrudniony dłużej niż pół roku albo gdy niezdolność była efektem wypadku przy pracy albo choroby zawodowej, pracodawca może rozwiązać umowę, gdy choroba trwa dłużej niż łączny okres pobierania z tego tytułu wynagrodzenia i zasiłku chorobowego oraz świadczenia rehabilitacyjnego przez pierwsze trzy miesiące (tj. dłużej niż 9 miesięcy). 

Zobacz również: Uważaj! Gdy pracujesz na zwolnieniu, stracisz zasiłek 

Autor: Krystyna Brzozowska
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W panstwach zachodnich pracodawca placi TYLKO za 8 dni roboczych w roku. Za nieobecnosc powyzej 1 dnia MUSI byc zwolnienie lekarskie. Mozna byc nieobecnym 1 dzien bedac na chorobowym bez zwolnienia ale pracodawca musi byc powiadomiony wczesnie z rana max do 1/2 godziny po rozpoczeciu pracy i TYLKO 1 RAZ W ROKU. Za pozostale dni chorobowe niebecnosci w pracy nie ma wynagrodzenia od pracodawcy i nalezy zglosic sie do OPIEKI Spolecznej. A tam juz osobna procedura aby uzyskac zasilek chorobowy. Nie jest to latwe.
emigrant na stale, 26.06.2012, 02:55
Dlaczego w ogóle pracodawca płaci wynagrodzenie chorobowe osobie ubezpieczonej? Czy ktoś jest w stanie wyjaśnić, dlaczego ustawodawca przeniósł ciężar utrzymania pracownika w czasie choroby przez pierwszy jej miesiąc na pracodawcę, oprócz oczywiście stwierdzenia, że chodzi o zwykłą, pospolitą kradzież?
Al, 26.06.2012, 07:11
zus pobiera składki chorobowe od każdego pracownika , więc zus powinien wypłacać chorobowe !!
z Wrocławia, 22.03.2013, 11:55
jeszcze porówna inne kwestie związane ze stosunkiem pracy z państwami zachodnimi? Np. kwestie dotyczące wypłaty za pracę w godzinach nadliczbowych. W państwach zachodnich nie ma żadnych okresów rozliczeniowych typu 3-6 miesięcy. I ogólnie w państwach zachodnich nie ma okradania pracowników...
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